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Political and cultural Loyalties in modern East Central Europe

The research focus "Political and cultural loyalties in modern East Central Europe" aims to explore political and cultural classifications, communal relationships, and relations in interdisciplinary perspective from the angle of "loyalties". The group primarily focuses on history while including political, legal and cultural perspectives. Thus, a more precise definition of the "loyalty" concept should contribute to a more appropriate and understandable analysis of current political cultures.

Relations based on loyalty can be seen as a structural social requirement for domination. They play an important role in the historical investigation of communities in poly-ethnic and multi-confessional societies. Political science examines loyalties in the modern liberal state, and in jurisprudence, the term is also used institutionally, e.g. when the interstate principle of reciprocal loyalty is invoked as a basis for the future European Union Constitution. This diversity of perspectives also presents a methodological problem. Until now there has been no systematic attempt to classify the various approaches to questions of loyalty. Such an attempt would be rewarding: indeed, there is hardly any other concept that is more useful to understand the stability and transformation of political systems from a broad analytical perspective than the question of loyalties. Therefore, this research focus on "loyalties" intends to create an interdisciplinary discussion framework for this conceptual systematisation. As a first step, the various perspectives on the loyalty concept will be applied to the East Central European region, before being transferred to other regions.

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Visiting Fellows

  • Prof. Rogers Brubaker, Ph.D.
    (Department of Sociology, UCLA, Los Angeles, USA)
  • Prof. PhDr. Jiří Hanuš, Ph.D.(Professor of History at Masaryk University, Brno, Czechia)
  • Prof. Paul Werth, Ph.D.
    (Departement of History, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA)